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Social Media and War: How Facebook and Twitter Are Reshaping Conflict in the Twenty-First Century

We read a great deal about how social media is used to propagate the ‘bad’ whether it’s ISIS videos or ‘fake news’ both catering to an audience inclined to believe whatever is peddled due to affiliation – tribal, political, ethnicity, etc. The same means can also be used for good – whether it’s Iranians gathering …

How the Pentagon Should Deter Cyber Attacks

Re-published from The Strategy Bridge Drs. Waltzman and Paul both spoke at IPA’s recent symposium which addressed a wide range of topics under the rubric of Cognitive Security.  Dr. Waltzman is also a founding board member of IPA.  Dr. Paul has written extensively on issues facing DoD Information Operations and Counter-Insurgency strategy. How the Pentagon …

Sharp Power, Not Too Hard, Not Too Soft, Just Right

Sharp Power, Not Too Hard, Not Too Soft, Just Right By Tim Anderson – IPA Contributor Terms like the gray zone, active measures, weaponing information, and similar remain topical when looking at the information environment and cognitive security.  Sharp power is another term worth consideration. The National Endowment for Democracy (NED) crafted the term sharp …

“The West Strikes Back” – Presentation at the CSIS Global Security Forum 2017

Guest Post by Timothy C. Anderson The recent Global Security Forum 2017 at the Center for Strategic and International Studies highlighted the importance of cognitive security in the session, “The West Strikes Back”. After Heather Conley’s (the moderator) introductory review of “The Kremlin Playbook, Understanding Russian Influence in Central and Eastern Europe”, Conley highlighted Russia’s …